How to recognize the onset of obesity in children
Obesity in children is dangerous because it is quite difficult to treat in the advanced stage. The habit of leading a sedentary lifestyle and eating the wrong diet is fixed, the child's metabolism changes. When the weight of the child has ceased to be healthy, parents continue to overfeed him or incorrectly count in the diet the ratio of basic substances. Compounding the development of obesity in a child is a gradual decrease in motor activity. The more weight, the more reluctant he is walking and playing sports.
Causes of obesity in children
The causes of obesity in children a lot. How it begins, with a genetic predisposition, hormonal imbalance or errors in diet and lifestyle, depends on the particular case. If everyone in the family is overweight, the baby will probably also experience weight problems at an early age. It's harder for parents to notice that a child develops a serious illness. In most cases, it does not even occur to them to consult a doctor. When the situation gets out of control, it is already too late. Therapy becomes more severe and exhausting for a child whose obesity has passed into a serious stage. The main cause of obesity in children is the systematic predominance of the caloric content of food over energy consumption. In the prevention of obesity in children, the attention of parents to their children plays a key role. It should be remembered that the result of obesity can be such serious diseases as diabetes, heart attack and stroke. Obesity affects the standard of living, in the later stages, literally locking a person in four walls. The higher the weight, the harder it is to lose, the body constantly requires food intake, the stomach is stretched and the amount of calories consumed becomes uncontrollable. Psychological isolation entails bulimia or anorexia, and in adolescents with obesity the risk of suicide increases. What are the trigger signs of obesity in children and how to notice them in a timely manner?
The first symptom of obesity in children: a child eats too much fast carbohydrates and fats
Fast carbohydrates and fats contain the following products: baking, sweet soda, desserts, fast food. High-calorie foods from this list are very popular with children. They create a quick feeling of fullness, but are also quickly recycled by the body. There is a constant feeling of hunger. Among other things, the sweet is addictive due to the production of endorphins every time after the child has eaten a donut or a chocolate bar.
Solution: Monitor nutrition and periodically calculate the baby's body mass index. If the ratio of height and weight for his age says about overweight, consult a dietitian. Consult with a specialist how many calories a day your child should receive at his age and with his constitution.Calculate with your doctor how much fast carbs a baby can eat per day. Allowable amount of candy unpleasantly surprised sweet teeth. Pay particular attention to what the child eats when he is at school. He can buy fizzy drinks and sweets in the school canteen. Daily consumption of such products imperceptibly leads to problems with weight.
The second sign of obesity in children: the child has become less active
Physical education, outdoor games and walks - one of the most important requirements for a child to be healthy and strong. Children need physical activity every day. If, due to the growing weight, the child began to give preference to a TV or computer, it's time to sound the alarm.
Solution: Enter a rule for the whole family to do exercises in the morning. 15-20 minutes of simple exercises will set a healthy tone for the whole day. Start small, for example, with a few exercises for 3-5 approaches, gradually increasing the time of classes. But do not try to force the child to play sports if you yourself are lying on the sofa all day. Your example is required. It is thanks to the influence of the family that the children have either a correct lifestyle or bad habits and neglect of their health.
The third sign: parents hear complaints of digestion
Problems with obesity in children can begin with disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting are serious symptoms that require immediate medical attention. Quite often, the growing body does not have time to rebuild and these or other problems with the gastrointestinal tract appear.
Solution: Regularly undergo medical examination, and at the first manifestations of problems with the stomach or intestines, require a full examination.
The fourth sign of obesity in children: moods and bad mood
A large child is under peer pressure. Children can be quite cruel with a child suffering from overweight. He is humiliated and does not want to communicate with him in school, kindergarten, on the playground. Aggression and isolation provoke avoiding problems in the bad habit of overeating. The child tries to relieve stress by eating delicious sweet treats, which is why the weight problem is only getting worse.
Solution: Be a friend to your child, do not ignore his problems. If he is open with you, you will know by his state that something is going wrong in the children's institution. Talk to your child and, if necessary, contact a psychologist and change school or kindergarten.
The fifth sign of obesity in children: parents see the symptoms of hormonal disorders
The most dangerous cause of obesity in children is a metabolic disorder due to hormonal disruptions. In this case, parents may notice in a child not only an increase in body weight, but also such signs as hair loss or, on the contrary, their active growth, weakness, constant feeling of hunger, dry mouth, loss of memory.
Solution: If there is a whole complex of obesity symptoms in a child, consult a doctor in time and ask for a blood test for hormones. Early hormone therapy under the supervision of a specialist will help prevent serious disorders. Timely identify and treat obesity in children and be healthy!
Obesity in children and adolescents: causes, hazards, therapy
Obesity in children and adolescents, as well as in adults, is an important issue in recent decades. According to a study by the World Health Organization, 42 million children under the age of 5 years are overweight and diagnosed as obese. Over the past 20 years, the number of small patients with such a diagnosis has doubled, and in the next ten years, it is projected to increase to 70 million. An unformed food culture, an abundance of harmful products along with a number of diseases lead to the formation of excess fat reserves in the children's body, which have an extremely negative effect on physical and psycho-emotional well-being, as a result of which diagnostics and the treatment of obesity have formed entire sections in dietology, therapy, surgery and endocrinology and other branches of medicine.
Causes of overweight in children
For the primary diagnosis of obesity, centile tables should be used, evaluating the ratio of height, weight and body type of the child. There are optimal ranges in the table, as well as borderline ones: children and teenagers of thin or dense stature are also included in the norm. When hit in the red zone, the ratio of height and weight indicate the presence of excessive or insufficient weight, representing a danger to health. The tables are designed for young children, including infants, and ranges of 6-11 and 12-17 years old (adolescents). In the etiology of obesity, there are two leading groups of factors: the alimentary group is caused by improper diet for social or psychological reasons, physical inactivity, a sedentary lifestyle; The endocrine factor group consists of diseases and dysfunctions of the metabolic system (thyroid abnormalities, pituitary diseases, adrenal gland diseases, ovarian dysfunctions, etc.). The primary diagnosis of the causes of obesity is the children's endocrinologist. Among the most common factors for the formation of excess body weight are: overeating. Predisposition can be formed during the gestation period, if the mother consumes a large amount of fast carbohydrates (sugar, sweets, pastries, sodas, some fruits, etc.) in the period of early childhood with the wrong introduction of complementary foods. Also, overeating can be a family "tradition": the habit of parents is abundant, abundant, the inclusion of a large number of harmful products contributes to the formation of incorrect eating behavior in children; sedentary lifestyle, if it is not associated with physical limitations, is in second place among the reasons for the formation of excess weight and is also in most cases copied from the parent installations by types of recreation and use of free time; hypothyroidism, insufficient hormone production by the thyroid gland. In this case, other symptoms of the disease also contribute to obesity: late physical and mental development of the child, characteristic puffiness of the face, impaired defecation (constipation), dry skin, in adolescent girls an irregular cycle of menstruation is noted; diseases and pathologies of genetic history, hereditary or individual, are also often accompanied by overweight; Itsenko-Cushing disease, adrenal pathology, causing hyperproduction of glucocorticosteroids . In this disease, adipose tissue accumulates in the central and upper torso, avoiding the limbs and pelvic area; disorders of the pituitary gland due to injuries, surgical pathologies, inflammatory diseases of the brain, neoplasms; polycystic phenomena in the ovaries in adolescent girls are accompanied by obesity, seborrhea, menstrual disorders, male-pattern hair growth; adiposo-genital dystrophy in male adolescents is accompanied by hypoplasia of the genital organs, the absence or inexpressiveness of manifestations of secondary sexual characteristics (body hair, face, chest, axillary and inguinal regions), and an increase in the mammary glands. In order to diagnose the causes of obesity, the following studies are used: a biochemical blood test, which makes it possible to evaluate blood glucose values, cholesterol concentration, triglyceride levels, proteins and their fractions. Attention is also paid to the identified AST and ALT indicators for assessing the functions of the cardiovascular system, liver, etc .; analysis of the level of hormones secreted by the thyroid gland and adrenal glands; according to indications resorted to x-ray examination, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound of the internal organs.
What is dangerous obesity in childhood?
The cardiovascular system responds to overweight by developing hypertension, coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, atherosclerotic vascular changes, and chronic heart failure. Although these diagnoses are more common in middle-aged and older people, obese adolescents are also prone to developing these diseases and disorders. In obesity, the gastrointestinal tract reacts with inflammatory processes of the gastric mucosa (gastritis), duodenum (duodenitis), gall bladder and ducts, pancreas (pancreatitis). The replacement of normal liver cells with adipose tissue causes the insufficiency of its functions. The musculoskeletal system under the influence of excess body weight is subjected to significant stress, which is reflected in changes in bone tissue, deformations of bones and joints, flatfoot, valgus, vargus deformity of the lower extremities. The endocrine system most often responds with the development of diabetes. Nervous system and psyche: excessive body weight leads to sleep disorders, sleep apnea, difficulty in breathing. On the part of the psyche, self-esteem of a child and adolescent with obesity suffers, a depression develops, a tendency to retreat, suicidal thoughts, the development of neuropsychiatric diseases, the formation of new harmful habits are likely. Older children also suffer from ridicule, attitudes of others, which can become the cause of an additional increase in body weight due to a decrease in social activity.
Features of treatment of adolescents
When choosing a therapy, the main attention is paid to the factors of obesity. With nutritional factors, it is often necessary to work with the whole family, consult a nutritionist, a psychologist, and recommend various dietary specialists and possible physical activities. An important role is played by family therapy, the support of loved ones. In case of other factors, conservative or surgical methods of treatment of the main and associated pathologies and diseases are chosen. Surgical intervention for the treatment of not pathology, but directly obesity (bariatrics) in childhood and adolescence is used in the rarest cases with vital indications. In all other cases, only conservative treatment is prescribed.
Prevention of obesity in children: good habits
Today, obesity is common not only among adults, but also among children. Therefore, it is important for parents from early childhood to instill healthy habits in their babies to help maintain a normal body weight. It is necessary to make a healthy lifestyle a family privilege, as well as set weekly goals for physical activity, and strive for their full implementation. It is equally important to take care of healthy nutrition, to teach children to eat more vegetables and fruits, reducing the amount of sweets and fatty, high-calorie meals, including fast food, in their diets.
The problem of childhood obesity
In many countries of the world today, an "epidemic" of childhood obesity is registered. The sharpest jump in indicators was observed in the age group from 2 to 5 years and in girls from 16 to 19 years. Obesity is more than a cosmetic problem. It is associated with an increased risk of almost all diseases of children, including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, asthma, gastroesophageal reflux, sleep apnea syndrome. In addition, obesity provokes joint problems in children, hepatosis of the liver and the formation of gallstones. Parents are easy to imagine delayed health risks associated with obesity of the child and restrictions in the usual life due to excess weight. Therefore, doctors set parents long-term goals regarding the care of children's health and the prevention of overweight.
Parents as an example for children
Today, the body-positive movement, which is positioning the acceptance of the imperfections of its own body, has gained popularity. It helps people feel comfortable in their body, regardless of weight. According to experts, on the one hand, these are worthy goals, but they are not combined with efforts to combat obesity. With regard to children, such a position is unacceptable, and parents should not be carried away with this, because they are the ones who set an example and instill the right habits of their children. Encouraging children to achieve and maintain a healthy weight without developing self-doubt is the main goal of parents. In this case, children can lose those extra pounds and improve their health, while maintaining a positive mood and self-confidence. Experts recommend focusing on changing everyday habits, these are things that parents and children can easily control in contrast to heredity. Formation of correct family habits Experts suggest stimulating healthy habits in their children, at the same time changing their attitude to the weight of babies if they are obese. First of all, you need to abandon the negative talk about body weight, removing such words as "fat" and "chubby" from your vocabulary, you should not use them even as a joke. Critical remarks about the weight of the child are not productive, children perceive them as insult and criticism, bullying. For many children, a discussion of their completeness is an additional stress, they themselves are fully capable of appreciating what differs significantly from others. Constant experiences lead to the formation of such a habit as jamming stress. Sweets and high-calorie foods are a kind of "reward" for the experience. Parents should try to instill in the child a desire to move more, get additional exercise, to lose weight and fight stress, instead of sticking it. And here own example is important.
Family nutrition revision
Often the problem of excess weight in the family concerns not only children, but also older family members, which is connected with the traditions of nutrition. It is important to review all family food, switching to more healthy and healthy foods. But it is important to explain to the child why, instead of tasty buns, it is important for him to eat vegetables or cereals. You can describe the child food as fuel, drawing a parallel between the high-speed car and the body of the baby. It is necessary to discuss the importance of refueling a car with "good fuel" and ensuring that the engine is properly maintained with regular physical activity. This analogy allows you to talk about what products are worth eating to adjust the weight. You can come up with a marital definition of healthy eating. This helps the child to distinguish between "good fuel" (fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy products, nuts and seeds, animal proteins) and "bad fuel" (chips, sweets and cookies). Do not impose hard restrictions. This can lead to the fact that children will secretly consume prohibited foods.
Exercise - a family affair
Physical activity plays no less important in the fight against obesity in a child. Moreover, parents should also show their importance to the child by their own example. Experts suggest setting a weekly amount of physical activity for all family members. This can be family cycling, playing football or tennis, swimming, roller skating. If children love video games, you can pick up those that are based on dancing or are associated with physical activity. It is important that physical activity becomes one of the useful habits of all family members, if the parents lie on the couch and do not play sports at all, it is difficult to explain to the children why they need it. Naturally, various sports clubs, dance clubs and active weekends will be useful in nature.But even an ordinary walk with a dog or a trip to the store can turn into an interesting and mobile game. Many fitness centers today offer family training programs, where adequate physical activity is selected for all family members according to age and fitness level.
Parent support and praise
It is important that parents praise the child for any success, even the smallest, it will be an incentive for further action. Instead of focusing on the results (loss of kilograms), which the child must achieve, you need to praise him for the fact that he strives for success and works on himself. Even teenagers are waiting for the approval of their actions from their parents, and for kids it is the most important thing. It must be remembered - sometimes the goal is not so much to reduce weight, but at least to stop the rapid increase in weight when children grow up, so that the mass- growth indicators tend to the normative.
The first symptoms of obesity in children
Childhood obesity is a chronic disease associated with the accumulation of adipose tissue in the body as a result of metabolic disorders. Today, more and more children are facing the problem of overweight due to unhealthy diet and defective physical exertion. So just like the other disease, obesity requires immediate treatment, which is impossible without the help and advice of doctors. Symptoms and types of obesity in children the main reason for which obesity can develop in children at an early age is inactivity, which can be associated with a delay in the formation of the motor system. Improper diet also contributes to the accumulation of fatty tissue, which subsequently leads to a set of extra pounds. Parents should ensure that the child eats properly and fully, should be completely excluded from the diet of the baby soda, fast food, confectionery and fatty foods. There are two types of obesity: primary and secondary, each of which is characterized by individual forms of the development of the disease. So, to the primary type of obesity include:
Constitutional exogenous form - the fat layer is evenly distributed throughout the body, children with this form of obesity grow faster and look older than their years, but this does not affect their mental and intellectual development.
Exogenous form - obesity is not hereditary. Weight gain is due to a sedentary lifestyle and eating too much food. Compliance with diets and regular exercise will help eliminate the problem of extra pounds.
Hypothalamic form - obesity in a child arises due to traumatic brain injury, infection, anesthesia, brain tumor. Subcutaneous fatty tissue accumulates mainly on the neck, axillary region, abdomen, buttocks, thighs.
Mixed form - a combination of several forms of obesity, which can develop either because of genetic predisposition, or as a result of external factors.
The secondary form of obesity includes the endocrine form - the excess weight accumulates in the body as a result of the presence of other diseases of the central nervous system. In this case, the treatment of obesity should be under the supervision of a physician after a detailed examination.
If a child has the first symptoms of obesity associated with shortness of breath, heavy breathing, rapid heartbeat, inability to perform certain loads, then you should immediately go to the hospital, because the health of the child at such a moment is in grave danger.
Obesity in children: 10 prohibitions for parents
Excess weight and obesity of various stages in our time are found even in young children. The consequences of such a deviation in physical development are quite serious, and the reasons are most often hidden in the lifestyle of the parents. MedAboutMe talks about the factors that provoke weight gain in children, warns about diseases that threaten cute puffy "angels", and leads the 10 most common mistakes adults who are fighting to return to the harmony and health of their child.
Causes of overweight in childhood
No matter how sad it is to admit, the main reason is hiding everything in the same poor diet and sedentary lifestyle that children copy from their parents. An abundance of pastry ready-to-eat meals, fast food, chips, sweets and carbonated drinks inevitably leads to the accumulation of excess weight in both the child and the adult. Kids eating habits are created during the transfer to the common table, at about the age of two years. And it is much easier to form them correctly than to try to later correct the eating behavior of a teenager. But this question must be approached consciously and the whole family. Hypodynamia is another scourge of modern times. Elevators, vehicles, street sweepers on the streets make it impossible for us to walk once again or clean the street from snow without need. Delivery services offer not even leave the house for groceries and shopping. TO Favorite types of entertainment in free time are added to the need to move: watching TV, playing games and surfing the Internet. Children all see it perfectly and copy it, well, who wants to go for a walk if the chickens on the "farm" are not fed and the cartoon is not inspected? For such a "feat" you need a good motivation and a company of active friends, and at a younger age - a no less active adult, a parent who organizes a dynamic game or a ski trip. The hereditary factor plays an important role in the formation of obesity in children. Genetic predisposition, supplemented by an excess of fat in the mother's diet during pregnancy, often with an abundance of high-calorie food in the house, contributes to the disease of obesity at an early age. The psychological factor contributing to the "jamming" of problems also affects children, especiallyif parents also tend to help themselves in a stressful situation with something tasty. Children eat more junk food with a lack of attention from their parents, conflict situations at home and at school, and sometimes they "bind" boredom. Finally, endocrine disorders leading to obesity also affect health. But their prevalence is not so great in the childhood period of development, and more often diseases of the endocrine system arise as a result of obesity, and not as a cause of it and more often, diseases of the endocrine system occur as a result of obesity, and not as its cause. And more often, diseases of the endocrine system occur as a result of obesity, and not as its cause.
The effects of overweight in children
Being overweight in childhood can entail serious disruptions in the functioning of body systems and many diseases. Overweight is the cause of diabetes, diseases of organs such as the liver, gall bladder. Obesity of children leads in adulthood to hypertension, difficult to amenable medical correction, infertility, the development of atherosclerosis, diseases of the cardiovascular system and many other diseases that often appear in old age. A child with excess weight may get sick before they finish school, depending on the stage of obesity. Finally, overweight is a common cause of serious psychological discomfort for children and adolescents. A lot of complexes about their appearance, ability to move, sports achievements affect the social development of children,lead to depression and self-isolation.
10 prohibitions for parents in the fight against obesity in children
Parents who have received advice from a pediatrician or pediatric endocrinologist to begin to monitor the weight of the child and help reduce its body weight often make the same mistakes. The following are tips based on analyzing these wrong actions and the right ways to solve a problem.
No need to look for the culprit
The search for the culprit in this situation is a meaningless undertaking. Charges grandmothers feeding pies, dad - lying on the couch, food manufacturers in the use of additives or doctors in the late recognition of the disease will only lead to increased discomfort, to conflicts in the family, so in the soul. What to do? Make a plan for correction and treatment, and begin to follow it. Pies - no more than once a week, but football - every Tuesday and Friday.
You can not ignore the problem
One thing is if the baby seems to someone plump compared to their own child, but calculations of body mass index or expert advice do not confirm the presence of excess weight. A completely different conversation, if the child is inactive, already running with dyspnea or walking upstairs, the doctors are sounding the alarm, and the parents all believe that it will "outgrow". Even if the child manages to reach the norm during the period of active growth, the diseases will not go away on their own and will affect their well-being.
Do not create forbidden fruits
Prohibiting the use of favorite foods leads to eating them secretly. Chips at a party, sweets at school, self-shopping and secretly eating chocolate in bed and negative about prohibiting an adult do not contribute to weight loss and health. What to do? Act by personal example and explanation. Children perceive limitations much better if they are persuaded by their actions and stories about what happens to the body after eating unhealthy junk food.
Movement provides the burning of calories and directly affects the reduction of body weight. It is not enough just to limit the diet, the child needs to move, and not sit at the TV or tablet. Involve him in household chores, encourage him to play in the company of his peers, master skateboard, roller skates, organize joint cycling trips, trips to the water park, just walking in the street. All the additional features of the fight against physical inactivity - in the case.
Behave as before
Does the child have to move and eat properly, and all the rest of the family still eat chips and spend their free time watching television? It will not work. Model to follow - that is the authority in childhood. If adults also eat salad instead of dumplings and go for a walk before bedtime, this helps much more effectively than hourly reminders and threats.
Punishment as a method of education
Punishing someone who ate grated carrots for the first time for pouring whipped cream on it, or coming from a dirty bike ride and with a hole in his pants, is completely pointless. Praise the right actions and decide together how to improve the taste of carrots without harm to health and create safe routes for riding. This will help health, and support the child's confidence in adults.
Food as a gift or encouragement
Rewarding a successful ice cream workout or taking McDonald's for a birthday party is a strange way to praise and encourage. Instead, tell us how proud you are of the child’s achievements and propose to increase the time for a walk, buy a ticket to a climbing wall or donate new videos. Exaggerated expectations the doctor said that an extra 10 pounds? Here until the necessary numbers on the scales, nothing is considered! This is a completely failed tactic to combat obesity, both in children and in adults. Enjoy small successes: 100 grams per minus? Well done! He went upstairs to the fourth floor? Let's do it together, show me what you can. Attention to small steps towards a big goal is the key to success.
The choice of activity for children
Yes, gymnastics and sports school, rollerkay and boxing help to quickly solve the problem of physical inactivity. But if the child does not like the chosen activity, then the conflict cannot be avoided. Let him participate in the decision himself, perhaps he will be carried away by horses, riding and caring for them, or decide to help his father build a verandah at the cottage, and mom to walk with younger children.
Concentration on weight problem
Yes, overweight is a problem that affects the health of the child. But the struggle with him should not become the meaning of life, and harmony is not the goal, having reached which, you can return to the old habits. A new way of life is taken gradually, and it is followed by the whole family, so concentration only on the child does not work.
Obesity in children of school age
In the first days of the school year, after the children return from the holidays, the sad trends of our time are especially noticeable - schoolchildren are becoming more and more complete, and some of them are outright obese. At the same time, schoolchildren constantly chew something and sit on the benches, buried in phones and tablets. Their main food is chips, crackers, buns and cookies., soda, sandwiches with sausage, pizza, hamburgers, sausages - now this is not uncommon among children. At home, mothers fight with them over a bowl of soup or second course, and the children do not want to eat them at all. A few years later, the health of children suffers, parents with schoolchildren and teenagers attack the offices of endocrinologists and gastroenterologists - diabetes, gastritis, obesity, ulcers, colitis, problems with the spine and joints, here is an incomplete list of the results of malnutrition.
Features of children's health
According to statistics, no more than 10% can be attributed to completely healthy school-age children. The remaining 90% of babies have certain deviations in health and chronic pathologies. And almost half of these children have problems with digestion, weight and metabolism because of exactly the wrong diet. A good child, according to one well-known doctor, should be "thin, lively and slightly hungry." But modern parents do not think about the health of their children when they are trying to feed their children as much as possible and more satisfyingly. A variety of sweets, buns, desserts, ice cream, fast food - this is the constant delicacy of children today. The result is obesity in 6% of rural children and 10-12% of urban children. But these figures reflect only the statistics of the state of health of children who are observed by pediatricians, the true figures are several times higher.
Violations at school age
For many of the guys, school age is food without a regimen, dry-food, squeezed with sweet soda - what a delicate stomach and intestines can withstand these unfavorable factors? As a result of such nutrition at school age, biliary tract dyskinesia, gastritis with various acidities, constipation, diabetes, impaired puberty and cardiovascular diseases occur. Unfortunately, not all parents think about the nutrition of their children after they enter kindergarten and school. They believe that school age is almost an adult, and a child may well eat as much as adults themselves - and our food with you is also often far from ideal. Of course, all parents want to eat right and healthy, but when they are tired from work, there is a great temptation to get refrigerator ready meals and cook a quick dinner, not bothering the preparation of the first, second and compote! So, the wrong eating habits of children begin to form - in the morning they are reluctant to have breakfast, because you need to get up early and run to the kindergarten, in the afternoon - at best, the first, rarely - the second, in the evening a quick dinner of convenience foods, sitting at the computer and lessons, no walks. And here he is - gastritis! And now overweight and obesity.
What is the problem of nutrition?
From birth and age to two or three parents strictly monitor the nutrition of children, realizing that the health of children and their well-being, physical and mental health largely depends on this. But gradually the transition to the so-called "adult table", gradually attention to the issue of child nutrition is reduced. And then the children eat at all as is customary in the family, without preparing them any separate, age-based dishes. At the same time, caloric intake and nutrient intake the component may not be very much in line with the age norms and needs that baby food implies. Children need a lot of protein for active growth and development, as it is used to build all body tissues and renew cells, as well as vitamins and microelements. Much less children need in the diet of carbohydrates and fats, although they should also be present in the diet in all its diversity. But, at the same time, carbohydrates should be complex - in the form of starch (plant carbohydrates), glycogen (animal tissue carbohydrates) and fiber (non-digestible carbohydrate, which regulates the bowels). Fats should be both vegetable and animal, but not refractory, but easily digestible - in the form of vegetable and butter, and not margarine and animal fat. The real diet of children A child should get enough fluidsso that the metabolic processes go actively and fully, but it must be clean drinking water or mineral table water, tea or compotes, but not box juices with chemicals and concentrates, and certainly not soda with 10 spoons of sugar per glass. And now you should look at your diet, and what children eat - how much does food contain protein, fresh salads and vegetable dishes? Fried potatoes do not count! Although it refers to vegetable dishes, there is a lot of fat and carbohydrates in it! And if you add tea with sweets, buns and buns, the amount of carbohydrates in the diet of children is too high. In the body, all these carbohydrates are actively transformed into fats, and smoothly settle on the sides, buttocks, back and abdomen of children, forming obesity. Many of the products also irritate and inflame the mucous membrane of the digestive tract - salinity, marinades, spicy dishes, sausages, chips, crackers, quick noodles. All this leads initially to redness of the mucous membranes, then to micro-erosion, and eventually to inflammation and pain in the stomach or intestines.
Childhood obesity: severe pathology
Today, obesity is rapidly becoming younger and occurs even among children, and even school age is literally the heyday of pathology. Often, obesity occurs as a hereditary and food, that is not associated with serious pathologies and metabolic disorders, but provoked by constant overeating. Children are few in the street, while at home they constantly raid the refrigerator, constantly chewing something, sitting for hours on the couch without moving with phones and tablets. Extra calories are simply nowhere and there is no time to burn, and they are transformed into fat, which is deposited in problem areas. Gradually and inevitably, obesity is formed, with which then as a teenager and being adults, it will be difficult to fight.