To effectively combat nail fungus, you need to choose an effective remedy. Proven results will reduce the likelihood of relapse, and the right composition – a guarantee of rapid destruction of the infection. Diflucan refers to those drugs that have won respect not only in patients, but also in doctors. This is confirmed by numerous reviews with photos – after treatment with this drug, the nails began to look the same as before infection.
Release form and composition
https://diflucan-fluconazole.net is available in three varieties:
- capsules (50 mg – the package contains 7 capsules, 150 mg – the package contains 1 capsule, 4 or all 12);
- solution (50 and 100 ml vials);
- finished suspension, powder.
The main substance of all forms of the drug is fluconazole, and in capsules it is much more. Accordingly, auxiliary components are lactose, silicon dioxide and corn starch. The solution contains sodium chloride, as well as purified water.
Excipients suspension – sucrose and sodium benzoate. Also citric acid (anhydrous); Together, these components quickly eliminate fungal infections.
Diflucan – is it an antibiotic or not? The tool refers to infectious antibiotics with antifungal effects.
What helps Diflucan?
Among the indications for use are:
- generalized candidiasis – infection of the eyes, abdominal part or pathology of the respiratory tract, as well as the oral cavity, esophagus, pharynx;
- vaginal candidiasis in any form, including exacerbated, chronic or relapse;
- pityriasis versicolor;
- mycoses of the body and feet;
- onychomycosis – nail fungus;
- other types of fungal infections.
The main pharmacological action is antifungal. The composition of all forms of the drug includes fluconazole, which has a pronounced antimycotic effect. The medicine does not affect the state of the hormonal background of a woman, even with repeated use. The main components of the drug cause the rapid death of pathogenic microorganisms. This is achieved as follows: fluconazole (active substance) interferes with the synthesis of the fungus, breaks through the protective shell of parasites and negatively affects the reproduction process, which quickly stops. The development of infection slows down.
The drug has been pre-tested. It is effective against many types of fungus, including Candida spp, Blastomyces dermatitides, Coccidioides immitis. Especially effective in onychomycosis.
Instructions for use Diflucan
Remember that the dosage is often calculated individually, at the discretion of the doctor. In this case, personal characteristics of the patient are taken into account, including the diagnosis and state of health, as well as age. There are no differences in use for men and women. Many are interested – how to take the drug, how to give it to the child? Capsules are taken orally, swallowed whole. The suspension must first be prepared from the powder. It is thoroughly mixed with 24 ml of purified water and gently shaken. Do this before each use of the medicine. It does not matter how to drink the medicine – before or after a meal. The daily dose often depends on the degree of infection and the nature of the disease. For example, in the treatment of thrush, it is sufficient to use Diflucan once, then simply follow the prophylaxis, and with other mycoses, it is necessary to continue therapy until the affected area is completely restored.
The duration of treatment is 6-8 weeks, but a positive result may be noticeable earlier. Initially, 400 mg of Diflucan is prescribed to the patient, then 200-400 mg / day, based on the degree of the disease, side effects.
Prevention can last a long time. In this case, the recommended dosage is 200 mg / day.
With genital candidiasis.
A single dose of 150 mg is usually sufficient. To reduce the number of re-infections, Diflucan is used once a month in the same amount, and the duration of therapy is determined individually by the doctor. Usually, the duration of treatment is up to 12 months. Sometimes the patient requires more frequent use of the drug.
For prophylaxis, it is necessary to first determine what is the risk of infection of the patient with a fungal infection. Depending on this, a dose is determined – from 50 to 400 mg / day.
Diflucan is often prescribed during menstruation: relapse of thrush is especially likely.
With mycosis of the body and feet
The recommended amount of the drug is 150 mg if Diflucan is used once a week, or 50 mg / day. In fungal diseases of the feet, the duration of antimycotic treatment is up to 6-7 weeks, based on the degree of infection and the area of damage, as well as on the preventive measures taken.
With generalized candidiasis
Initially, the patient consumes 400 mg of the drug, the rest of the time – 200 mg / day. In acute or chronic form, the dose may increase to 400 mg.
The duration of therapy is determined individually in the presence of a specialist. How long Diflucan acts will depend on the degree of infection.
With pityriasis versicolor
There are several treatment regimens for Diflucan with pityriasis versicolor:
- 300 mg / week, the recommended duration of treatment is up to 2-3 weeks;
- 50 mg / day for 3-4 weeks.
Some patients with a milder degree of infection have a single dose of 300-400 mg of the drug. This should be discussed with your doctor.
With nail fungus
The dosage is 150-200 mg / week. The treatment lasts until the infected nail regains its full recovery and growth: onychomycosis of the hands usually takes 6 months, and it takes 9 to 12 months for the fungus to disappear on the leg plates.
Dosage for children and the elderly
For the treatment of mucosal candidiasis: 6 mg / kg on the first day of use with a further decrease in the amount of the drug to 3 mg / kg.
With generalized candidiasis and cryptococcosis – from 6 to 12 mg / kg per day, the exact dosage and duration of treatment depends on the severity of the disease, the degree of infection.
For the prevention of mycoses – 3-12 mg / kg, depending on the severity of neutropenia.
Fluconazole, the main substance of Diflucan, in newborns is excreted much more slowly than in older children. Therefore, for infants in the first few weeks of life, the drug is prescribed in an ordinary, “children’s” dosage. But the interval between use is 72 hours.
From 3-4 weeks, the interval is reduced to 48 hours.
For older people, the medicine is prescribed in an “adult” dosage if the patient does not suffer from hepatic and / or renal failure.
Contraindications and side effects
The main contraindication is hypersensitivity to the main active component of the drug (fluconazole) or excipients that make up the drug. The simultaneous use of Diflucan with cisapride, terfenadine and astemizole is also prohibited.
During pregnancy, it is recommended to abandon the use of the product if the expected harm exceeds the likely benefit. During lactation, the drug is also not advised: the components enter in equal amounts both into the blood and into the milk of a nursing woman, and this can negatively affect the health of the child with HS.
With renal and / or liver failure, a rash on the skin and with burning, as well as with the manifestation of lesions of a bullous nature, it is recommended to refrain from using Diflucan.
According to the annotation to the drug, among the main side effects are distinguished:
- dizziness, stomach and headaches;
- nausea followed by vomiting;
- flatulence, diarrhea – Diflucan acts as a laxative;
- severe swelling;
- in rare cases – convulsions, a change in taste.
The most serious consequences arise in patients with AIDS and malignant tumors. In such people, disruption of the kidneys and / or liver is most likely.
Diflucan or Flucostat: which is better?
Often people tend to buy a more expensive tool, explaining this by the fact that it is by default more effective. But this is not always the case, and Flucostat is an example of this, an equally effective analogue with similar contraindications, side effects and a description of the composition.
You should understand the main differences between the two drugs.
Diflucan – imported medicine (Pfizer PGM company, France, USA), Flucostat – domestic (Pharmstandard-Leksredstva, Russia).
Flucostat has cheaper auxiliary components, so the composition can cause an additional side effect in the form of an allergy.
“My husband has had onychomycosis for several years. The nail exfoliated, after treatment with some cheap cream, it returned to its previous state, but then it began to bend to the side. We went to the doctor. He said that we did not completely get rid of the previous infection. I prescribed Diflucan to my husband – for almost three months now he has been treated with these pills. The nail is slowly but surely growing. ”
“There is simply no better remedy against thrush. I am grateful to a familiar specialist for advising Diflucan and telling why this medicine is used. No creepy side effects. I’ve tried how many things — ointments, suppositories (which made me feel bad), even injections … I want to pay special attention to how quickly the drug works – one capsule was enough for me. ”
“At first I was treated with folk remedies, it did not help. I have a fungus on a large nail on my left foot. Doctors prescribed different drugs, but this muck returned again and again. Just three weeks ago, he began to take Diflucan. The itching stopped, the burning sensation also disappeared – there are few visible changes, but this is normal, because usually the nail grows back to a year. ”