Gastritis is a general definition for inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Gastritis is divided into acute and chronic. The chronic form of the disease is more common among the population – in 80-90% of the total number of recorded cases.
Doctors say that almost everyone has gastritis in a latent or explicit form. And recently, this ailment has greatly “rejuvenated”. The causes of the onset and progression of inflammation can be many. But the main one is laziness. Too lazy to be examined, treated, too lazy to diet …
But! The treatment of gastritis should not be neglected, because tomorrow a stomach ulcer may develop, and the day after tomorrow – cancer.
Kinds. Symptoms Causes of Gastritis
Chronic gastritis is a non-treatable, recurrent inflammation of the gastric mucosa and deeper layers of the gastrointestinal tract, occurring with structural changes and functional changes in the organ. This form of the disease is a continuation of the development of acute gastritis.
The disease manifests itself as nausea, heartburn, vomiting, heaviness in the stomach, unpleasant belching, flatulence, pain during palpation of the abdomen. The most common cause of the disease is considered to be a stomach infection with Helicobacter pylori. External causes of the disease may be:
· Unsystematic administration of medications that cause irritation of the mucosa
Mucosal effects of chemicals and radiation
Introduction of parasites
Internal causes of the disease are:
Lack of vitamins
Outflow of bile into the stomach
Infectious diseases, etc.
Chronic gastritis often goes “hand in hand” with cholecystitis, colitis, and other diseases of the digestive system.
Of particular note is bacterial gastritis . The causes of chronic gastritis became clearer after the discovery of Helicobacter pylori (helicobacterpilori). These harmful microorganisms colonize the gastric mucosa, destroying it.
Acute gastritis is a one-time inflammation of the gastric mucosa caused by exposure to sharp irritants. These may include poor-quality food, food allergies, medication, and chemicals. Also, the disease can occur against the background of other internal diseases, with burns of the gastric mucosa and radiation injuries.
Symptoms of acute gastritis are severity, nausea, weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, pain during palpation in the stomach. With timely treatment, the prognosis of the course of the disease is favorable. With the secondary appearance of adverse factors, the disease can take a chronic form.
Symptoms of the disease are not specific, therefore, only a highly specialized doctor, a gastroenterologist, can diagnose gastritis and choose the right therapy. Treatment of gastritis consists of taking medications that normalize the acidity of the gastric juice, the use of drugs that restore the gastric mucosa. With helicobacteria, antibiotic therapy is prescribed.
A mandatory treatment for gastritis becomes a special therapeutic diet. No medicine will help if you eat wrong. The diet for gastritis depends on the level of acidity and the form of the disease.
Smoking, alcohol, fatty, spicy, fried foods are contraindicated in all forms of gastritis. With high acidity, you should not eat hot, fatty, spicy foods, as well as products that stimulate the secretion of gastric juice (sour juices, soda, coffee, smoked foods, etc.). With low acidity, milk, chocolate, and muffin are not recommended.
With gastritis with high acidity, freshly squeezed raw potato juice, decoctions of chamomile, rosehip, and yarrow are useful. With low acidity – cabbage juice, parsley, honey.