Nutrition in pneumonia plays a special role, as it helps to strengthen the body’s defenses and helps to strengthen its resistance to infections.
Proper nutrition for pneumonia plays an important role in shortening treatment times.
Most often, treatment of pneumonia is carried out using antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which can negatively affect the digestive system and disrupt the intestines.
A feature of the diet for pneumonia is that the food that the patient consumes should be high in calories.
The content of the article:
- The purpose of the diet for pneumonia in adults
- Basic principles of catering
- What should be excluded from the menu
- Recommended Meals
- Fish and meat dishes
- Fruits and vegetables
- Milk products
- Drinking mode
The purpose of the diet for pneumonia in adults
Strengthening the immune system and reducing the manifestation of an inflammatory reaction
During infectious diseases, all the forces of the body are spent on the fight against pathogenic microorganisms that caused the disease, therefore it is important to increase the intake of vitamins and minerals, which positively affects the state of immunity, enhances the effect of the drugs used and helps prevent exacerbations of chronic diseases
Reduced stress on the excretory, cardiovascular and digestive systems
Too heavy and high-calorie foods require a lot of energy for digestion, and also increases the level of toxic metabolites in the patient’s blood, which can cause complications. Proper nutrition allows you to direct most of the energy to fight infection.
Reduction of intoxication
Pathogenic microbes secrete products of their vital activity, poisoning the body. Proper nutrition and drinking plenty of fluids reduces intoxication and helps eliminate toxic substances.
Basic principles of catering
Nutrition for pneumonia in adults should be fractional. The patient needs to consume a small amount of food every 3-4 hours. It is advisable that the largest share of the products accounted for lunch and dinner.
Dinner is recommended no later than two hours before bedtime, so that the food has time to assimilate. Food should be varied, but preference should be given to liquid dishes, as they are easier to digest.
Food temperature should be room temperature. Do not eat too cold or hot dishes, as the body needs to spend additional energy to absorb them.
Products can be boiled, baked, steamed. It is not recommended to eat fried, fatty, spicy and salty foods. It is also worth abandoning products containing a large number of dyes and preservatives.
What should be excluded from the menu
From the patient menu exclude:
- fatty meats (lamb, pork);
- smoked meats;
- fat and lard;
- cooking oil;
- sausages and sausages;
- fatty fish (salmon, salmon);
- pickled vegetables with lots of salt and spices;
- carbonated drinks;
- strong coffee;
- alcoholic drinks.
The nutrition of a person with an acute form of the disease should be varied. You need to choose healthy foods that contain a large number of vitamins and minerals.
Fish and meat dishes
Low-fat meat must be present in the patient’s diet: rabbit, turkey, beef, veal, chicken. Before cooking, the meat is cleaned of skin, fat, tendons. It can be baked in the oven or boiled. It is also recommended to cook meat minced dishes: meatballs, meatballs, dumplings. Do not add too sharp seasonings to the meat .
In the diet of the patient should be present dishes of lean meat and fish
Also, a patient with pneumonia is recommended to eat low-fat fish dishes: pike, cod. It is boiled in one piece or baked in the oven with vegetables. You can cook fish soufflé or meatballs.
Soups must be present in the diet of an adult or child with pneumonia. They are prepared on lean meat, fish or vegetable broth. In addition to vegetables, buckwheat, oat or rice groats are added to the soup.
Mashed soups should be preferred
You can cook mucous soups or cream soup. Also, borsch can be present in the diet. But when preparing it, do not abuse tomato paste, spices and add a large amount of cabbage.
Patients with pneumonia are not recommended to eat soups prepared on too fat meat or fish broth. They should not be cooked on the basis of beans, peas, lentils, millet or mushrooms.
Fruits and vegetables
Vegetables must be present in the patient’s menu: potatoes, cucumbers, zucchini, beets, tomatoes, carrots. They are boiled, baked in the oven, mashed potatoes and steam puddings are made from them. You need to cook vegetables under the lid, for a short period, without boiling, which will save the maximum amount of vitamins.
Apples can be eaten both fresh and baked in the oven
Fruits and berries are of great benefit. In the patient’s diet should be present apples, pears, grapes, cherries, strawberries, raspberries. You can grind the berries with sugar, and bake apples in the oven.
It is necessary to limit the use of legumes, white cabbage, radish, radish, rutabaga. It is also recommended to remove plums and apricots from the menu.
A patient with pneumonia is recommended to eat eggs in limited quantities. Steam and protein omelets can be made from them. You can also eat soft-boiled eggs (no more than one or two pieces per day).
Steam omelet can be made from eggs
Do not eat raw, as well as fried or hard-boiled eggs.
A patient with acute pneumonia should be given preference to lactic acid products such as kefir, sour cream, low-fat cottage cheese. They can be used as a standalone dish or added to puddings and souffles. You can also eat hard or processed cheeses in small quantities.
Lactic acid products must be present on the patient menu
It is recommended to limit the use of whole milk, fat sour cream and cottage cheese, cream, spicy cheese.
Sweet desserts can be consumed in limited quantities. Preference is given to fruit desserts, jellies, meringues or jelly. It is sometimes allowed to eat jam, honey, jam. From baking, you can introduce biscuit cookies or dry biscuit into the diet.
Sweet desserts can only be eaten in limited quantities.
Do not abuse cream cakes, shortbread cookies and butter buns.
A person with pneumonia is advised to eat buckwheat, rice, oatmeal, semolina and vermicelli from durum wheat. Porridge should be viscous, mucous, boiled. They can add a small amount of meat broth, olive or sunflower oil, milk, dried fruits. Souffle, puddings and casseroles can also be made from cereals.
Porridge should be well
cooked. Barley, corn and barley groats should be excluded from the menu. It is not recommended to eat egg noodles and millet.
In order to eliminate intoxication, reduce the inflammatory process and restore water balance, an adult needs to drink at least two liters of fluid per day.
During illness, it is important to follow a drinking regimen
You can drink:
- clear still water;
- black or green tea, with lemon and a little sugar or honey;
- therapeutic broth of wild rose. For its preparation, 15 g of dried fruit is poured into 1 liter of water and simmered for 5 minutes, then insisted for two hours;
- fruit drinks based on berries of raspberry or blackcurrant;
- warm milk with a small amount of honey or butter;
- low-fat vegetable or meat broths.
Compliance with a diet positively affects the functioning of the immune system and accelerates recovery. After the disease subsides, the patient can return to his normal diet.