Cellulite is a disease of the subcutaneous fatty tissue. Depending on the processes occurring in the tissues, there are fatty, edematous and fibrous forms of cellulite.
In healthy adipose tissues, the waste products of the cell exit through the pores of the cell membrane and are carried away by the blood stream. Violations of this mechanism lead to cellulite: the pores of the membrane are blocked, the waste products of the cell are not removed “outside”, and the cell itself is calcified. Such cells group and form in the connective tissue islets that are hard to the touch, which block blood supply and lymphatic drainage, which leads to further calcification of fat cells. In addition, cellulite cells tend to attract water, causing the affected areas to swell.
The main reason is hormonal disorders. Impact moments in the development of cellulite – pregnancy, adolescence, the beginning and end of the course of taking contraceptive pills. The development of cellulite is also influenced by unhealthy diet, stress, lack of physical activity. Hereditary predisposition also plays an important role.
In order to determine the presence of cellulite, it is necessary to lightly squeeze the skin with your thumb and forefinger: the appearance of tubercles – the so-called “orange peel” – indicates the initial stage of cellulite. It usually attacks the thighs, buttocks, hamstrings, upper arms, and abdomen.
According to external signs, several stages of cellulite are distinguished:
First stage: jelly-like fat, slight tissue swelling, changes are visible only when you press on the skin or in a fold.
Second stage: single, dense, small nodules are palpable, edema in the tissues is more pronounced; there may be violations of the sensitivity of the skin.
The third stage: visually determined more gross violations – numerous small and medium nodules, pronounced tissue edema, impaired pain and tactile sensitivity of the skin in the affected area.
Fourth stage: numerous nodes of various sizes, cavities and areas of hardening; pronounced tissue edema; tenderness is determined on palpation of the affected area; there is a local change in tissue temperature.
In order for the comprehensive program to give maximum effect, additional measures are needed. Their goal is to eliminate the action of as many factors as possible that contribute to excess fat deposition and the development of cellulite.
The first and foremost remedy is a healthy menu. Try to avoid fried foods, fatty meats, poultry with skin, hams, sausages, smoked meats, pickles, pickles, refined carbohydrates, pastries, and cream cakes. If you have a hereditary predisposition to cellulite, then it is best to completely abandon this. The same applies to foods with artificial additives such as colors, flavors and taste simulators. Cut back on fatty dairy products.
The development of cellulite is prevented by raw vegetables (especially lettuce and cabbage), garden herbs, legumes, fruits, grain bread, cereals on the water, fish, seafood, vegetable oils. Dry wines, especially red and rosé wines, in the amount of 150 ml per day are recommended (for strong alcoholic drinks, as well as coffee, cola, phantom, sprite, etc., this does not apply).
Drink more water! Water is the simplest way to cleanse the body of toxins. Don’t be lazy to prepare freshly squeezed fruit and vegetable juices. Carrot, beetroot, cucumber, apple, cabbage, orange and celery juice are actively used in the elimination of cellulite. Herbal teas are very appropriate, which are nice to sweeten with a spoonful of honey.
If you are having trouble quitting smoking, often remind yourself that nicotine destroys vitamin C, which affects the health of your skin and connective tissue. In addition, it interferes with proper blood circulation, which impairs metabolism at the cellular level.
Tight clothing and very high-heeled shoes also negatively affect peripheral circulation, contributing to blood and lymph congestion.
It is very harmful to be in the same position for a long time (especially in a standing position). Physical inactivity is also a good friend of cellulite: the more you sit still, the sooner it develops.
Therefore, it is very important to set aside time for regular exercise.
Daily contrast showers help improve blood circulation. While showering, rub your body with a brush, stiff glove, or sponge. If there are no contraindications, visit the sauna or any other bath regularly.
The problem is exacerbated by stress: the more nervous you are, the better for cellulite. Master the art of relaxation and use it to release tension, relax all parts of the body, and allow the body to recover from the stress.
The use of aminophylline gel has scientific evidence of its effectiveness. The action of aminophylline helps the fat cell to get rid of its contents, while naturally decreasing in volume. In addition, he takes part in such processes as increased calcium transposition, stimulation of catecholamines, inhibition of monophosphate metabolism – and all these factors normalize lipid metabolism.
Massage of the reflexogenic zone, which is responsible for the lymphatic system, as well as the reflexogenic zones of the ovaries, can also help you:
the area responsible for lymph drainage from the upper body and head is located on the right and left legs, in the fossa, just in front of the outer ankle.
the area of lymphatic drainage from the lower body is also located in the fossa in front of the inner ankle.
the zone of the thoracic lymphatic duct is located on the left and right legs, in the depression between the first and second bones of the metatarsus.
ovarian zones are located just above and outside of the heel. The left ovary is on the left foot, the right ovary is on the right.
Take a comfortable position, use your thumb to massage the corresponding areas for 2 minutes each. Massage 2-3 times a week throughout the year. If you are not lazy, then over time the volume of the thighs will decrease, and the skin will be smoothed.
In order to reduce the amount of adipose tissue and increase muscle, it is necessary to use complexes of physical exercises.
They won’t take too much of your time and will give amazing results.
A very effective program aimed at strengthening the muscles of the lower body with the help of simulators is designed for three 20-minute sessions per week. The program also includes stretching to build strength and 10 minutes of cardio to burn extra calories and reduce body fat. If you want to achieve faster results, you need to work out for 40 minutes, extending your cardio workout and adding additional strength exercises.
Strength machines allow you to work out each muscle group separately, gradually increasing the burden. If you train at home, do squats and lunges and use as much weight as possible (dumbbells, rubber bumpers, elastic bands).
Warm up – 2 minutes of cardio on a treadmill, stationary bike. Cardio – 8 minutes of cardio at such an intensity that the heart rate is 70% of the maximum. You must breathe deeply but still be able to speak.
In the strength section – perform 1 approach of each exercise so that the muscles being worked out get tired after 10-15 repetitions. Be sure to exercise correctly. For each workout, increase the resistance by 5% if possible. Repeat slowly, contracting the muscles for 2 counts and returning to the starting position for 4 counts.
Stretching – At the end of each exercise, stretch the worked muscles. This will help strengthen them faster. Hold each stretch for 20 seconds.
Leg Curl – Sit on the seat of the hamstring machine, legs straight, ankle roller, cross-thigh support. Grasp the handles for support. Press your back and buttocks firmly against the machine seat. Bend your knees and pull your feet down and back. Return to starting position. Do 10-15 repetitions. Then, stretch your hamstrings while sitting.
Exercise strengthens the muscles in the back of the thighs. Initial weight: 18-36 kg.
Leg Extension – Sit on the seat of the hamstring machine with knees bent, bolster over the ankles, feet relaxed. Straighten your legs without straining your knees. Return to starting position. Do 10-15 repetitions. Then, pull your front thigh muscles while standing. Exercise strengthens the muscles in the front of the thighs. Initial weight: 14-28 kg.
Hip reduction – sit on the seat of the simulator, press your knees against the supports, legs spread slightly wider than shoulders. Without lifting your back from the seat, tighten your abdominal muscles, grab the handles for support. Bring your knees together so that the supports are almost touching. Return to starting position. Do 10-15 repetitions. Then, stretch your inner thigh muscles while sitting on the floor. Exercise strengthens the inner thigh muscles. Initial weight: 23-46 kg.
Breeding hips – sit on the seat of the simulator, press your knees against the supports, legs slightly apart. Tighten your abs so your back and buttocks are pressed firmly against the seat back. With effort, spread your knees to the sides slightly wider than your shoulders. Return to starting position. Do 10-15 repetitions. Then, stretch your lateral thigh muscles while lying down (ankle of one leg on the knee of the other). This exercise strengthens the muscles in the upper thighs. Initial weight: 14-28 kg.
Leg Press – Lie on a leg press machine with your shoulders and buttocks pressed against your back. Place your feet on a stop parallel to each other, shoulder-width apart. The ankle, knee and thigh of each leg are in the same plane. Grasp the handles and straighten your legs. Then bend your knees at a 90 ° angle, with the heels doing the most. Straighten your legs and return to the starting position. Do 10-15 repetitions. Finally, pull the muscles of your buttocks, pulling your knees towards your chest. Exercise strengthens the muscles of the buttocks, legs, front and back of the thighs. Initial weight: 32-64 kg.
Even if you are receiving professional cellulite treatment, adherence to the above conditions will put an additional barrier to the development of cellulite.