Pyelonephritis is an infectious disease that ranks second after diseases of the upper respiratory tract. As a rule, Escherichia coli acts as a causative agent. It enters the body through the urinary tract and gradually rises to the kidneys. Since the urethra is wider and shorter in the female half of humanity, pathology is more common in them. In the absence of proper treatment, pathology often goes from an acute stage to a chronic one.
In addition to medical treatment, in extreme cases, surgical and hygiene, the patient is required to follow a diet that will allow him to recover faster.
Basic nutritional rules
With such a pathology, diet number 7 is shown. It assumes a daily caloric content of 3500 units. You need to eat at least 4 times throughout the day. Food should only be boiled or steamed.
In the acute phase, bed rest is shown. It is necessary to constantly ventilate the room where the patient is, who himself must walk in the fresh air for at least 4 hours a day. Be sure to monitor the regularity of urination, this should occur every 2-3 hours.
In no case should you overcool and overwork. You do not need to subject yourself to heavy physical exertion.
Prohibited foods for pyelonephritis
Any products that can irritate the genitourinary system and kidneys are under an absolute ban. First of all, we are talking about salt. It retains fluid in the body, making it difficult to eliminate toxins. Which inevitably leads to an increase in blood pressure. Therefore, it is recommended to cook all meals without salt.
Alcohol is also completely banned, especially in the acute stage. It heavily loads the kidneys, retains fluid, and slows down metabolic processes. As a result, swelling appears, the general condition worsens.
It is imperative to cut back on protein foods. Even eggs should be in the minimum amount. It is also recommended to minimize the amount of the following foods:
- strong tea;
- animal fats;
- sour cream with high fat content;
- flour products;
It is recommended to reduce the amount of coffee per day, and it is best to skip it altogether.
First of all, you need to limit proteins and fats. It is allowed to leave carbohydrates at the same level. The diet must be enriched with vitamins. Fried foods should not be included in the diet at all.
The menu should contain:
- dairy products that allow you to adjust the pH level ;
- vegetable soups;
- soups cooked in milk;
- vegetables are recommended to choose those that have a diuretic effect;
- only yesterday’s bread;
- fruits in any form;
- a small amount of lean meat and fish.
You need to drink a lot of water. It can be compotes, teas, herbal teas and even mineral water, but with a minimum amount of sodium salts.
The need to follow a diet
Diet food in the presence of pyelonephritis is aimed at providing gentle conditions for the kidneys. It allows you to lower blood pressure, reduce swelling.
An adjusted diet will allow you to remove toxins and salts.
Consequences of not following the diet
If you don’t follow a diet, your kidney problems will only get worse and your health problems will only increase.
The list of diseases that can occur when the diet is disturbed is quite large:
- inflammatory process in the tissues around the kidneys or paranephritis;
- bacterotoxic shock;
- renal failure;
But most often, against the background of non-compliance with the diet, urolithiasis appears.
Drinking plenty of water is essential if you have pyelonephritis. It activates the kidneys, helps fight inflammation and flushes bacteria out of the body. In rare cases, when the patient suffers from increased edema, the amount of water is limited to 2 liters throughout the day. An alkalizing drink is indicated for antibiotic therapy.
It is permissible to drink mineral water, always warm and without gas. You can make teas with lemon, dried fruit decoctions, milk. It is recommended to drink lingonberry and cranberry fruit drinks as additional medicinal drinks. You can make decoctions from corn stigmas and rose hips.
Diet ration of adult patients
In the first days of exacerbation, it is recommended to use only ripe fruits and melons. You can make mashed potatoes, salads from them. After that, protein products are gradually introduced. The share of animal proteins should be no more than 60%. As a rule, in the first days you have to stay in bed, so the calorie content of the diet should not exceed 2100 units. If the peak has passed, then the fasting days end.
The main thing is a small amount of salt, it should not be more than 10-12 g. If vomiting, strong urination or sweating is observed, then its amount is increased to 15 g.
There should be at least 2 liters of water throughout the day. Food can only be processed using gentle methods, that is, boil, steam or bake.
Pyelonephritis in pregnant women
Any inflammatory processes during gestation are extremely dangerous for the baby and the mother’s body. Pyelonephritis can cause premature birth or abortion. The fetus is also under threat. Intrauterine infection may occur or he will not have enough oxygen. This is fraught with the birth of a child with a low weight.
Children’s diet for pyelonephritis
Compliance with the diet will help the child’s body recover from pyelonephritis faster. Prohibited foods include:
- fried and smoked foods that should not be present in the children’s diet anyway;
- salty food;
Along with these restrictions, you should regularly feed your child with fermented milk products. If the disease has taken on a chronic form, then the child is completely transferred to diet number 7.
For breakfast, you can feed the child with semolina porridge, boiled egg. Give weak tea.
For a snack – fresh juice.
For lunch, vegetable soup, meatballs and some boiled potatoes.
For a second snack, you can offer marshmallow or fruit.
For dinner, you can eat milk soup or pasta, some boiled chicken, or a cottage cheese casserole.
Diet Table number 7
This diet is recommended not only in the presence of pyelonephritis, but also in other kidney diseases. The first condition is no more than 3-6 g of salt per day.
The calorie content of the menu should not exceed 2900 units per day. You can process it in any way, but not fry. Fats should be present in a volume of no more than 100 g per day, with an emphasis on vegetable. Carbohydrates are about 450 g, but this amount should take into account sugar. You can have a little protein – 80 g. No alcoholic beverages should be present in the diet.
In addition to the general requirements, there are several diet variations:
No. 7a. It is designed for the chronic form of the disease. It involves the introduction of products that will remove nitrogenous toxins from the body. The diet is salt-free and is introduced after fasting days. Salt can be present in the products themselves in a volume of about 0.5 g. In this case, the volume of liquid should not exceed 500 ml, and the food should enter the body at least 4 times. The patient will have to give up protein foods, legumes and fish.
No. 7 b. This diet is also prescribed for the chronic form, but with the presence of azotemia. She is appointed after the end of the table number 7a, about 20 days. It has two main goals: to relieve inflammation and to increase the amount of urine. Protein food is allowed in the diet, but in a limited amount – up to 40 g. However, there are also restrictions regarding salt, you cannot fry food. The amount of liquid per day can be increased to 600 ml. In fact, this diet differs from the previous one only by a slight increase in calories (2400 kcal) and the introduction of meat products.
No. 7 in. It is also indicated for chronic pyelonephritis, but accompanied by nephrotic syndrome. One of the main goals of the diet is to reduce puffiness, eliminate proteinuria. Indicated for pregnant women. The protein content in this case is increased by a calculation method, 1.6 g should fall per 1 kg of human weight. The fat content should not exceed 40%. However, it is best to refuse salt, in extreme cases, up to 2 g per day is allowed.
No. 7, It is prescribed for renal failure and is indicated for persons on hemodialysis.
No. 7 e. Also suitable for patients on hemodialysis and with thermal renal failure.
Pyelonephritis is an insidious disease that requires medical intervention and a serious approach of the patient himself to nutrition. If you do not take action, you can start your health and get much more serious diseases. People over 40 should be especially careful, it is this category of people who are most often susceptible to pyelonephritis.