The merry festive feast ended, but only stomach pains, nausea and high fever remained. Most likely, this is real food poisoning. Symptoms are not necessarily related to overeating or too much alcohol, the food may not have been the freshest, or it may have been improperly processed.
Symptoms appear literally 30 minutes after the last and completely unnecessary alcoholic drink or bad food. But poisoning can manifest itself even after 12 hours, depending on which microbes have entered the stomach.
A huge amount of salt and liquid is sent to the stomach, which is why a feeling of nausea appears and then vomiting begins. In some people, symptoms of poisoning are accompanied by diarrhea.
No matter how the poisoning manifests itself, it is important to prevent dehydration, which is characteristic of vomiting and diarrhea. At these moments, the metabolism is accelerated as much as possible, the body relaxes, and the blood intensively absorbs harmful substances. Therefore, it is very important in this state to establish the nutritional process.
With the stabilization of nutrition, the symptoms of poisoning can be completely eliminated in just 3-4 days. The main thing is that food products do not irritate the mucous membrane and do not interfere with the normal digestion process.
Foods allowed for food poisoning
After poisoning, you can only eat the simplest foods. These include:
- rice on water;
- mashed potatoes without spices;
- chicken bouillon;
- buckwheat porridge;
- jelly, but always prepared from natural ingredients;
All dishes should be completely free of spices, flavors and ingredients, that is, there should be no irritating ingredients. Porridge should only have a liquid consistency.
In no case should you force-feed a person who has been poisoned. If the body is not yet ready to take food, then it is not necessary to give it.
Prohibited foods include:
- any dairy products, lactose can stimulate the manifestation of symptoms even more;
- cheeses, natural and synthetic, they will only aggravate already poor health;
- juices, especially from pears and apples, as they are rich in fructose, which will only complicate the patient’s serious condition;
- fiber is also not the best choice, so you will have to give up the consumption of vegetables for a while;
- there should not be any fruits in the diet, in most of them they have a laxative effect;
- legumes are contraindicated, as they greatly overload the digestive tract;
- no spicy and fatty foods should be present in the diet;
- you can not use canned food;
- smoked meats and sausages are prohibited;
- sweets and seafood are not allowed;
- eggs are also classified as prohibited foods.
You will have to give up alcoholic beverages and drinks containing caffeine. You will have to give up not only hot chocolate and coffee, but also black and green tea.
What drinks are suitable during the period of poisoning
As a rule, food cannot be eaten immediately after poisoning, stomach cramps torment, nausea worries. Even smells can cause aversion to food. During this time, you should drink plenty of water. But you need to drink in small volumes, literally stretch the glass for 5-10 minutes. If you drink a whole glass at once, then vomiting may begin.
It is recommended to drink yoghurts, but only natural and preferably without sugar, additives and dyes. This drink helps to improve the bacterial balance.
You can drink mineral water, but always without gas. It is allowed to add a little ginger or lemon to it. It will be useful to drink a decoction of chamomile or rose hips. Dried fruit compote, lightly brewed green and black tea are not prohibited. These drinks are good at eliminating the symptoms of intoxication. All drinks should be consumed warm.
Rice water can be added gradually. It is prepared quite simply, a tablespoon of rice is brewed in a glass of water. After the grains are boiled, the drink is filtered and drunk. If desired, the broth can be lightly salted. Only after eliminating the main symptoms, you can switch to nutrition, usually this is already possible in 1-2 days.
Basic nutritional rules for food poisoning
In the first days after poisoning, even if the symptoms have subsided, it is not recommended to lean on heavy food. These should be boiled fruits, light cereals and snacks. Try to remember to drink plenty of water.
Try to avoid foods high in fiber, which can cause diarrhea and bloating. There should be no spicy and fatty foods at all, spicy foods are also prohibited.
All dishes should be as fluid as possible. Gradually, you can enter meat products, but always in a boiled form, you can use light and thin broths.
You need to eat in small portions, but at least 6 times throughout the day. The expansion of the diet is carried out gradually, as the general condition improves.
It is best to completely abandon fresh fruits and vegetables, as a last resort, they can be grinded to a mushy state or baked. There should be no baked goods and products with a high content of sugar, honey. Bread can be replaced with crackers.
We’ll have to temporarily stop drinking milk and kefir, other fermented milk products, as they can only worsen the condition in case of poisoning.
Of cereals, it is better to give preference to buckwheat, semolina and rice. The rest of the cereals have a high fiber content, which is not recommended for poisoning.
In no case should sausages be present in the diet. Probably not even worth talking about how much preservatives and dyes they contain. And naturally, alcohol is completely eliminated, ideally, it is better to forget about it for at least 14 days.
Immediately after poisoning, you will have to forget about physical activity, the body is not yet ready for them. After them, you may feel severe weakness and even dizziness.
The need to follow a diet
Diet food for poisoning is mandatory for several reasons. For example, if we are talking about alcohol poisoning, then the liver suffers greatly, which means that this organ must be given a “rest”, not overloaded with heavy foods.
Regardless of the type of poisoning, the gastric mucosa suffers. And with vomiting or diarrhea, the body rapidly loses a huge amount of protein and nutrients. As a result of poisoning, the pancreas suffers greatly, especially when it comes to a child. The kidneys suffer no less, and mainly due to dehydration.
Consequences of not following the diet
If it was not possible to cope with the symptoms of poisoning within 1 day, then it is recommended to contact a medical institution for help.
Diarrhea and vomiting can exacerbate chronic illnesses and may even lead to seizures.
It is very important to understand what caused the poisoning, identify the pathogen and eliminate it.
How to eat right after alcohol poisoning
You don’t have to drink a lot to get poisoned with alcohol. Most often, poisoning is associated with the quality of alcoholic beverages, and not with the quantity. Poisoning, the symptoms of which appear in the morning, is characterized by nausea. Mineral water, for example, “Borjomi”, quite often helps. But, if everything is much worse, then you will have to move on to more serious measures.
First of all, it is recommended to drink an absorbent. If there is a feeling of heaviness in the stomach, then it is necessary to try to release it by inducing vomiting. In parallel with this, you must drink a lot of water, preferably with the addition of lemon. Allowed to use compote or jelly, tea with lemon.
It is permissible to use a laxative to cleanse the stomach. While the symptoms are strong, you should not eat at all.
After the symptoms subside, it is recommended to eat oatmeal or cottage cheese, always low in fat. Light soups are allowed. That is, the diet should be as gentle as possible. In case of a severe condition, the diet of the table No. 1 or No. 5 according to Pevzner can be recommended.
Diet for alcohol poisoning
The most important rule is no more alcohol. No foods that will overload the liver, that is, fried and spicy foods should be completely absent. It is necessary to drink plenty of water and use chelators . Otherwise, the patient must adhere to the same rules as in the case of other poisonings. The diet is based on liquid soups, grated boiled vegetables, crackers. After a few days, protein products (meat, fish) are gradually introduced, but always boiled.
On the first day after poisoning, it is recommended to completely refuse food and drink only water or drinks. Only after 24-48 hours can light foods be gradually introduced. The main thing is that all these products are grated and chopped as much as possible, light crepe soups and mashed potatoes are best suited.
You need to eat at least 5 times throughout the day, always in small portions, even in small dessert spoons. It is recommended to adhere to these rules for at least a week.
As the condition improves, foods are introduced into the diet that will improve the intestinal microflora: kefir, yogurt and yogurt.
To prevent poisoning, try to consume less alcohol, especially of unknown origin. Keep it clean while eating and cooking. Store food in the refrigerator. Raw and processed foods must be kept separately. Remember to wash your hands and practice good hygiene.