Gastroduodenitis is an unpleasant diagnosis, but it is not yet an ulcer or even gastritis. Pathology is characterized by an inflammatory process on the mucous membrane. The most common symptoms include nausea, a persistent feeling of fullness in the stomach, and an unpleasant taste in the mouth. Constipation or, on the contrary, diarrhea may appear. The patient feels general weakness, headache and even severe pallor of the skin may appear.
Allocate primary and secondary forms, according to the level of acidity. The erosive form is allocated to a separate group, as it is accompanied by multiple small ulcers on the mucous membrane. Most often, it is this form that becomes a provocateur of the onset of peptic ulcer disease.
There is a huge list of provoking factors, from high acidity to biliary tract diseases. However, there are also etiological provocateurs, that is, a passion for very cold or spicy food. Even the bacterium Helicobacter pylori can provoke the disease . Pathology is also dangerous because it is very often accompanied by other diseases of the digestive tract.
In addition to drug treatment, in order to successfully get rid of gastroduodenitis, you will need to follow a diet that can last up to 2 months, depending on the patient’s condition and the changes occurring.
Treatment of this type of disease is long-term and takes place in several stages. In addition to medication, it is very important to adhere to the recommended diet. Of no small importance is the daily routine and the absence of emotional overload. In no case should you self-medicate.
One of the basic rules of nutrition during gastroduodenitis is that it is unacceptable to eat foods that are too hot or cold, everything should be at room temperature. Failure to comply with this rule can significantly reduce the effectiveness of even correctly selected drugs.
It is necessary to eat 6 times throughout the day and always in small portions, chewing food well. This approach will completely eliminate the feeling of hunger and normalize the digestive process, stabilize metabolic processes. A complete ban is imposed on any spicy food. The first course must be present on the daily menu. You can not overeat, no drinks with gas and alcohol. The same rule applies to fried foods. Do not eat vegetables with a coarse structure and fibrous fruits. You will have to completely abandon snacks on the go.
There are several dietary variations in the treatment of gastroduodenitis:
- diet number 1 is prescribed during remission, it is indicated for normal and high acidity;
- diet number 1A, is prescribed during an exacerbation;
- after the symptoms of exacerbation have been removed, diet No. 1B is prescribed, that is, the patient switches to it after diet table No. 1A;
- diet number 2 is indicated during the treatment of a disease with low acidity and at the stage of remission.
During the improvement of the condition, the patient is prescribed diet No. 15. According to Pevzner, this table is not much different from the diet of an ordinary person, but you will still have to eat fractionally, that is, 6 times throughout the day.
Depending on the type of disease, dietary food has its own characteristics. If we are talking about superficial gastroduodenitis, then the diet focuses on dairy products, and fruits and vegetables are allowed to be consumed exclusively in boiled form. The medical menu is designed for 3 months.
If the patient’s illness is accompanied by low acidity, then the number of meals is reduced by up to 4 times. This makes it possible not to further stimulate the secretion of the stomach.
During an exacerbation, all products are frayed to a mushy state. With the atrophic type, solid and liquid food is divided, that is, in one meal you can eat grated porridge, and in the other – meat. All products should have a low fat percentage.
In the presence of erosion on the mucous membrane, all food should be as gentle as possible. We’ll have to completely abandon salt and any spices, seasonings for a while. In no case should you go to bed immediately after a meal. It is forbidden to wear any dragging things and belts.
Diet with gastroduodenitis in the acute stage
On the first day, when the disease has passed into an exacerbation stage, you will have to completely abandon any food. It is permissible only to drink water. The next day, tea without sugar is introduced. For about 2 or 3 days, the patient is transferred to diet No. 1A. In this case, the calorie content of the diet should not exceed 1800 units. The nutritional value is reduced by reducing the amount of carbohydrates. Salt is allowed, but in the smallest amount. Free liquid must be at least 1.5 liters. Any dishes that can stimulate the secretion of gastric juice are completely prohibited .
Approximately on the 6-8th day the patient is transferred to diet number 1B. This is a gentle regimen, in which the amount of salt is still reduced, but the food should be fractional. Fried foods are prohibited, slimy soups are recommended. The duration of the diet is determined by the attending physician, depending on the patient’s condition and the type of disease.
It is allowed to eat meat, but only dietary and in no case fried, it is best to steam it. First courses must contain grated vegetables and cereals. Buckwheat porridge and pasta are allowed. Fruits and berries are possible, but only those that contain a lot of glucose, that is, sweet. You can eat potatoes, carrots, zucchini and cauliflower.
You can drink juices, but only freshly prepared, always diluted with water. It is allowed to drink green tea and a drink with rose hips.
It is allowed to drink a little milk, eat grated cottage cheese, sour cream, cream. All dairy products should have a low fat percentage.
Fully or partially limited products
The list of prohibited food products, first of all, includes baked goods and fresh bread. Forbidden dishes include:
- broths and soups with mushrooms, fish and meat;
- smoked dishes;
- canned food;
- fried eggs;
- hard boiled eggs;
- cheeses with spices, salt;
- barley porridge, yachka and millet;
- legumes in any form.
Vegetables are fine, but not all. Sorrel, onion, cabbage, spinach, radish are prohibited. Unripe and sour fruits are banned.
You can not eat many fermented milk products, chocolate and ice cream. You can not eat dried fruits if they are not steamed.
It is forbidden to drink coffee, tea, any sweet drinks with gas.
If the disease is in a period of exacerbation, then any permitted products should be grated.
Menu, power mode
Even with such a meager list of permitted foods, you can eat well and diversify your diet. Sample menu.
- boiled egg and oatmeal;
- baked apple;
- vegetable soup, boiled chicken;
- fruit puree, depending on the stage of the disease, fruits can be boiled;
- boiled zucchini, cutlets from low-fat steamed fish;
- warm milk.
- pasta casserole;
- a decoction of rose hips;
- puree soup, chicken soufflé;
- juice and some cookies;
- rice porridge, can be in milk, meatballs;
- natural low-fat kefir.
- steamed omelet, toasted biscuits;
- soaked dried fruits;
- milk noodle soup, boiled cod;
- natural yogurt, with a low percentage of fat;
- mashed potatoes, a little low-fat boiled lamb;
- baked allowed vegetables, a little yesterday’s bread;
- vegetarian soup, boiled turkey meat ;
- carrot juice diluted with water;
- fruit salad.
- rice porridge, with pieces of boiled chicken;
- berry mousse;
- light vegetable soup, boiled beef;
- a little low-fat kefir;
- stewed vegetables with chicken;
- broth with rose hips.
- oatmeal with milk, some sweet berries;
- milk soup, bread, meatballs;
- soaked dried fruits;
- buckwheat porridge with beef;
- grated carrots, boiled chicken fillet;
- beetroot, baked mackerel;
- grated cottage cheese and some sweet berries;
- baked sweet apple.
Depending on the concomitant symptoms, the diet can be adjusted. For example, if a patient has constipation, then rice porridge is prohibited, if diarrhea, then fresh fruit is not allowed, dried apricots are not allowed.
If a child is diagnosed with a disease, then he will have to be protected from sweets and chocolate, any sweets are prohibited.
Duration and maintenance of the result
The period that will have to adhere to the diet is determined only by the doctor. Therefore, there are no general rules in this case. The main thing is that the patient is aware that the prescribed diet must be adhered to, the speed of recovery depends on it. In no case should you refuse the recommended treatment in order to reduce the risk of developing more severe pathologies of the stomach and duodenum.