Diet No. 16 (dietary table No. 16), permitted, prohibited foods

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Often, when prescribing drug treatment, the attending doctor prescribes a specific diet. Indeed, depending on the state of the body, a certain diet may be required, which will allow you to recover as quickly as possible and cope with the disease. Today, diets of tables are used, which were prescribed by Pevzner in the last century. He believed that any pathology should be treated comprehensively, and nutrition plays an important role in this process. The consistency of this theory has been confirmed by time, because if the pancreas hurts, then fried food and alcohol will only aggravate the situation. And with hypertension, salty foods will only increase blood pressure, and so on. There are diets that allow you to lose weight or, on the contrary, gain weight.

Pevzner has developed several types of diets, depending on their purpose: anti-inflammatory, prophylactic, hyposensitizing , nutrition after surgery, and so on.

Diet table number 16 is recommended in the presence of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. With other gastric diseases, such as gastroduodenitis, gastritis. It is indicated after gastric bleeding, operations, tonsillectomy, after table number 1A and in a number of other cases. This diet is designed for adults and children. Its duration is short, about 2 weeks. In fact, this is a transitional diet to a normal diet.

Indications for the use of diet No. 16

The main goal of this diet is to alleviate the general condition of the patient in the presence of stomach diseases and a smooth transition to a normal diet. It is also used after abdominal operations. It is assigned to persons who observe a semi-bed regime. That is, a person is in a lying or sitting position about 50% of the time.

In pediatrics, the diet can be used to reduce the load on the digestive tract, if the child has colds, pneumonia, as a common dietary table. Shown a diet for diseases that occur against the background of general intoxication of the body.

Diet food provides all the physiological needs of the patient, saturates his body with all the necessary substances and vitamins. Food products are selected in such a way that they do not irritate the mucous membrane of the stomach and other internal organs, as well as that the patient does not have to spend a lot of energy on its digestion. The calorie content of the diet is small, only 2 thousand calories. Absolutely all foods that can stimulate appetite and provoke additional production of gastric juice are removed from the menu. The diet stimulates the healing of erosions on the mucous membrane and reduces the overall negative impact of the disease on the body. 

General rules

The menu allows you to protect the gastrointestinal tract from mechanical irritation, since most of the products are served in a mushy state. As a last resort, even if a blender is not used, the food should be kneaded with a fork.

The diet does not involve the consumption of fried food. Any foods that can irritate the gastrointestinal tract, damage it, or take a long time to digest are excluded. Therefore, everything is grinded or steamed, boiled.

The diet is fractional, up to 6 meals per day. A day, the body should receive up to 150 g of proteins, no more than 120 g of fat and about 300 g of carbohydrates. The amount of salt is reduced, and its total amount in the diet should not exceed 8 g.

However, such strict restrictions do not mean at all that the patient will have to starve. The menu is designed to be tasty and nutritious.

While following the diet, the patient should not have physical activity.

What you can eat with diet number 16

The assortment of products for diet No. 16 almost completely coincides with diet No. 1A. That is, any provocateurs that can adversely affect the work of the gastrointestinal tract are removed. The inclusion of homogenized products is allowed, you can eat crushed crackers. Protein products, that is, fish and meat, are prepared in the form of cutlets, dumplings, meatballs. Instead of slimy soups, you will have to switch to grated ones. Simply put, any food products should not only boil well, but also be additionally frayed.

Eating excessively cold or hot foods is not allowed. It is necessary to eat often, but in very small portions, so as not to overload the digestive tract.

There are no restrictions on the types of meat and fish, but naturally they should not be fatty. They should be steamed or boiled and then crushed to an almost liquid consistency. The same rule applies to cereals, vegetables and fruits. You can use a little fat, such as butter, but not margarine. Only natural sweets, honey, sugar are allowed. All sauces should not be spicy, and should not contain flour, but you can make them on the basis of sour cream. Eggs are allowed, but only in the form of an omelet or soft-boiled.

You need to drink about 1.5-2 liters of water, but little by little all day. In no case should you drink food.

What you can’t eat with diet number 16

The menu should not contain any irritating gastrointestinal products. These include:

  • pickles;
  • marinades;
  • smoked products;
  • salted protein;
  • hot spices;
  • baked goods;
  • confectionery;
  • fresh fruits.

As for drinks, you will have to completely abandon any alcohol-containing drinks, drinks with gas, coffee and black tea.

Diet table number 16, menu for the week

As can be seen from the list of permitted and prohibited products, all familiar products are allowed to be consumed, but only they must be grated and not fried . Therefore, it will not be so difficult to create a menu.


Meal / menu optionone2
BreakfastSteam cutlets and rice porridge, you can use milkPearl barley soup, boiled chopped cod
LunchMilk, always warm and some grated crackersBerry broth, dried biscuit
DinnerHerculean soup, can be in milk, boiled and chopped carrotsCreamy broccoli soup, meatballs, porridge from any cereal
SnackBerry juiceRusks in cherry sauce
DinnerZucchini porridge, pollock souffléPumpkin porridge, steamed cutlets


Meal / menu optionone2
BreakfastCurd soufflé, green warm and weak teaSemolina porridge with milk, a glass of warm milk and always with a low fat content
LunchVegetable pureeFruit puree, from permitted fruits
DinnerGrated potato soup, cutlets, corn porridgePuree soup, chicken souffle, buckwheat porridge
DinnerMashed potatoes, boiled cod, choppedSemolina porridge, honey


Meal / menu optionone2
BreakfastGrated buckwheat porridge, meatballsBarley porridge and a little boiled and chopped mackerel
LunchGlass of milk and croutonsBaked apples
DinnerThe broth is not rich, preferably vegetable, semolina and a little cottage cheeseBuckwheat milk soup, steamed turkey cutlets , mashed potatoes
SnackFruit drinkCherry syrup and croutons
DinnerHercules porridge, can be in milk, some rabbit cutletsShredded low-fat cottage cheese, a little jam or honey


Meal / menu optionone2
BreakfastSteam omelet, chicken cutletsCorn porridge and veal cutlets
LunchBaked pumpkinCurd mass, it is possible with the addition of a small amount of sour cream
DinnerVegetable soup, beetroot puree and meatballsRice soup, carrot casserole, meatballs
SnackMilk, dried unsweetened biscuitsCompote and some baked and chopped pumpkin
DinnerVegetable puree, steamed cutletsBaked herring, carrot puree


Meal / menu optionone2
BreakfastOatmeal and a couple of hard-boiled eggsPumpkin puree, compote
LunchA glass of milk, some cookiesKissel with crushed breadcrumbs
DinnerLentil soup, veal soufflé,Tomato-rice soup, boiled meat, barley porridge
SnackOven-baked apples, but not necessarily sourBaked milk, a little grated cottage cheese
DinnerBuckwheat porridge with milk sauce, baked beef and then choppedMillet porridge, boiled pollock


Meal / menu optionone2
BreakfastMashed potatoes, can be in milkCurd soufflé and compote
LunchTea with milkBaked apples
DinnerCabbage soup, always with all the grated ingredients, oatmeal and some meatBorsch, buckwheat porridge with milk, corn porridge
SnackStrawberry fruit drinkMilk
DinnerRye porridge, steamed cutletsBarley porridge, meatballs


Meal / menu optionone2
BreakfastSteamed cutlets, a little rice and milk porridgeWhipped curd with added vanillin
LunchSoft-boiled eggMilk and rusks
DinnerUkha, carrot puree, cutletSoup-puree from any vegetables, boiled chicken and mashed potatoes
SnackFruit drinkBaked apples
DinnerZucchini puree, stewed and chopped beefBeetroot puree, boiled eggs

Before going to bed, you can drink a glass of milk, always warm and the addition of honey is allowed. A small amount of crackers is allowed if you really want to eat.

Grated foodstuffs contribute to their maximum absorption by the stomach, while preserving all useful substances. Thanks to the diet of table number 16, the patient is not so acutely aware of the manifestations of the disease. However, it is impossible to change the diet on your own without a doctor. The same rule applies to taking medications and other procedures. Only with this approach will it be possible to eliminate the symptoms as quickly as possible and cope with the pathology that has arisen.

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